bìjī (辟積)

is generally read as a compound referring to the pleats in a skirt, or more generally to things that “build up and accumulate,” by being piled on top of each other. Even my rather conservative reading of Sùwèn 3, line 4.1, which follows most historical commentators, opens the questions of how, why, and where unresolved yáng builds up. (See the Commentary of Sùwèn 3 for an alternate reading of this line, which lays out this process of accumulation more clearly.)

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