jīng (精)

in Chinese medicine contexts, jīng (精) is typically translated as “essence;” it is understood as the deepest source or fount of an individual’s being; jīng (精) is dense and moves slowly. While these qualities are certainly true of jīng (精), it does not always function as a noun. Jīng (精) also means “refined, perfect, subtle, or concentrated,” so it is a field tendency to move toward that deep, subtle yet dense aspect of being. Jīng (精) is naturally oriented to move outward to support the vital functions of life, and generally does so in the form of yuánqì (). The various vital functions of life are conveyed and governed by post-natal qì (氣), which in Nèijīng (內經) is most frequently understood as the pair: wèi (衛) and yíng (營), while jīng (精) and its active expression as yuánqì () are referred to as pre-natal qì (氣).

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