kuáng (狂)

generally translated as “mania;” according to Shuōwén, kuáng (狂) was originally the pictogram of a rabid dog, and was eventually extended to mean a yáng-type ‘craziness’ in people. However, I chose to leave kuáng (狂) in pinyin in Sùwèn 3, to open its interpretation beyond the mental and behavioral manifestations of mania. Sùwèn 3.8 suggests kuáng (狂) might also refer to a ‘somatic’ yáng-type pathogenic process, by contrasting it with the quintessential yīn-type pathogenic process of bì (痹).

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