sìwéi (四維)

literally rendered as “four bonds;” one of the common meanings of sìwéi (四維) is “the four directions;” within the microcosm of individual life, the four directions are expressed through the four limbs, which are the ‘four bonds (or ropes)’ through which individuals connect with the outside world; in Sùwèn 3.3.7, sìwéi (四維) can certainly refer to the four limbs — so, when the natural flow of qì is impeded by stagnation, the individual’s exchange through the channels causes swelling of the four limbs, and this consumes the individual’s yáng. Might sìwéi (四維) have some other reference in Sùwèn 3.3?

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