yōng (癰)

these are yáng-type abscesses, which well up from the surface of the skin, sometimes called carbuncles; these yáng-type abscesses contrast with jū (疽) which are yīn-type abscesses, that are deep and do not raise the surface of the skin; yōngzhǒng (癰腫), as in Sùwèn 3.5.6 can be rendered as either “yōng with swelling” or “the swelling of yōng;” this expression became a technical term of historical Chinese medicine, which Wiseman and Ye rendered as “swollen welling-abscesses.”

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